Original Research

Data governance in healthcare information systems: A systematic literature review

Nomputumo L. Ngesimani, Ephias Ruhode, Patricia-Ann Harpur
South African Journal of Information Management | Vol 24, No 1 | a1475 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajim.v24i1.1475 | © 2022 Nomputumo L. Ngesimani, Ephias Ruhode, Patricia-Ann Harpur | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 October 2021 | Published: 18 August 2022

About the author(s)

Nomputumo L. Ngesimani, Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Informatics and Design, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town, South Africa
Ephias Ruhode, Digital Business, Wits Business School, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Patricia-Ann Harpur, Department of Information Technology, Faculty of Informatics and Design, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town, South Africa

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to investigate data governance (DG) related to challenges associated with healthcare information systems (HIS), by reviewing guidelines emerging from academic sources as part of a consolidated systematic literature review (SLR). The research contributed theoretically towards the body of knowledge, by reviewing challenges and guidelines related to DG within the healthcare environment. It contributed practically to the body of knowledge through understanding the healthcare information’s systems status. The study also contributed methodologically and significantly to SLR strategies.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to understand the features of HIS; acquire information about DG success and understand the influence noted on DG.

Method: The study conducted an SLR over the period 2010–2020. Literature collection was not only restricted to South African publications but was extended to international sources. This study adapted a mono method.

Results: The study revealed that many organisations have realised that the only method to fix the data problem is the implementation of effective DG. With the increased adoption and rise of cloud computing, DG is gaining interest amongst specialists.

Conclusion: The shift from paper-based systems led organisations to seek organisational change through digital transformation. The proper collection and utilisation of electronic healthcare record is the foundation of the digital healthcare. Many organisations value DG as a promising method of maintaining data as a valuable asset.


Keywords

data governance, digitalisation, healthcare, healthcare information systems, eHealth, systematic literature review

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