Original Research

Factors negatively influencing knowledge sharing in software development

Lucas T. Khoza, Agnieta B. Pretorius
SA Journal of Information Management | Vol 19, No 1 | a776 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajim.v19i1.776 | © 2017 Lucas T. Khoza, Agnieta B. Pretorius | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 July 2016 | Published: 06 July 2017

About the author(s)

Lucas T. Khoza, Department of Informatics, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa
Agnieta B. Pretorius, Department of Informatics, Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: ‘Knowledge is power’ and software developing organisations are dependent on knowledge to achieve and maintain a competitive advantage. Subsequently, knowledge sharing is a key factor for modern software developing organisations to succeed in today’s competitive environment. For software developing organisations to reach their goals and objectives, knowledge sharing – and in particular the sharing of useful knowledge – needs to be targeted. To promote knowledge sharing, factors influencing knowledge sharing need to be identified and understood.

Objective: This study seeks to identify factors that negatively influence knowledge sharing in software development in the developing country context.

Method: Expert sampling as a subcategory of purposive sampling was employed to extract information, views and opinions from experts in the field of information and communication technology, more specifically from those who are involved in software development projects. Four Johannesburg-based software developing organisations listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE), South Africa, participated in this research study. Quantitative data were collected using an online questionnaire with closed-ended questions.

Results: Findings of this research reveal that job security, motivation, time constraints, physiological factors, communication, resistance to change and rewards are core factors negatively influencing knowledge sharing in software developing organisations.

Conclusions: Improved understanding of factors negatively influencing knowledge sharing is expected to assist software developing organisations in closing the gap for software development projects failing to meet the triple constraint of time, cost and scope.


Keywords

knowledge sharing; software development; information technology; competitive advantage; expert sampling

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