Original Research

Preserving traditional medical knowledge through modes of transmission: A post-positivist enquiry

Janet Adekannbi, Wole M. Olatokun, Isola Ajiferuke
SA Journal of Information Management | Vol 16, No 1 | a598 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajim.v16i1.598 | © 2014 Janet Adekannbi, Wole M. Olatokun, Isola Ajiferuke | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 21 October 2013 | Published: 17 November 2014

About the author(s)

Janet Adekannbi, Africa Regional Centre for Information Science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Wole M. Olatokun, Africa Regional Centre for Information Science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Isola Ajiferuke, Faculty of Information and Media Studies, University of Western Ontario, Canada


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Abstract

Background: In Nigeria, most rural communities lack access to orthodox medical facilities despite an expansion of orthodox health care facilities and an increase in the number of orthodox health care providers. Over 90% of Nigerians in rural areas thus depend wholly or partly on traditional medicine. This situation has led to a call for the utilisation of Traditional medical practitioners in primary-healthcare delivery. Hence, the persistence of the knowledge of traditional medicine, especially in the rural communities where it is the only means of primary health care, has been a concern to information professionals.

Objectives: This study investigated the role which the mode of transmission plays in the preservation of traditional medical knowledge.

Method: A post-positivist methodology was adopted. A purposive sampling technique was used to select three communities from each of the six states in South-Western Nigeria. The snowball technique was used in selecting 228 traditional medical practitioners, whilst convenience sampling was adopted in selecting 529 apprentices and 120 children who were not learning the profession. A questionnaire with a five-point Likert scale, key-informant interviews and focus-group discussions were used to collect data. The quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics whilst qualitative data was analysed thematically.

Results: The dominant mode of knowledge transmission was found to be oblique (66.5%) whilst vertical transmission (29.3%) and horizontal transmission (4.2%) occurred much less.

Conclusion: Traditional medical knowledge is at risk of being lost in the study area because most of the apprentices were children from other parents, whereas most traditional medical practitioners preferred to transmit knowledge only to their children.


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