Original Research - Special Collection: Project Management within the Information Systems Discipline

Improvising information technology projects through the duality of structure

Tiko Iyamu
South African Journal of Information Management | Vol 19, No 1 | a797 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajim.v19i1.797 | © 2017 Tiko Iyamu | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 23 September 2016 | Published: 28 August 2017

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Background: There is always emphasis on information technology (IT) projects because of their significance in organisations. Thus, efforts and resources are reciprocally committed to ensure the successes. Still, failure of IT projects in many organisations remains high and affects competitiveness. As recourse for remedy, different techniques and approaches have been employed. However, little or no progress has been made in increasing the success rate of IT projects in many organisations.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to examine the factors that influence and impact IT projects, improvisation and how improvisation manifests.

Method: The study was carried out using a single case study approach. Qualitative data were collected and duality of structure from the perspective of structuration theory was used as lens to guide the analysis.

Results: Findings from this study reveal how reproduction of actions manifests from non-technical factors, such as cultural value, organisational structure, power relationship, human capacity, know-how and change management. These factors help to gain a more constructive and better understanding of how IT projects improvisation is influenced or impacted by non-technical factors in organisations.

Conclusion: The study is intended to benefit both practitioners and academics. Some of the benefits will be gained from fresh perspectives on the complexities of IT projects improvisation, which are often caused by various seen and unforeseen non-technical factors. This includes how actions from relationship, know-how about facilities and communicative scheme are produced and reproduced.


information technology; projects; structuration theory; deployment; non-technical factors


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